2020 Tax Law Updates
What's New For The 2020 Tax Year!
What's New For The 2020 Tax Year!
The TCJA, which was passed into law a little over a year ago, went into effect impacting tax law changes starting in 2018. With these sweeping changes, most every taxpayer was impacted by the new tax law in some way. See below some of the "Key TCJA Changes" impacting most taxpayers.
In addition to lowering the tax rates, some of the changes in the law that affect you and your family include increasing the standard deduction, suspending personal exemptions, increasing the child tax credit, and limiting or discontinuing certain deductions. Most of the changes in this legislation took effect in 2018 for federal tax returns filed in 2019. These changes remain into effect until December 31, 2025.
Income Tax Rates
- For 2020, there remains 7 tax brackets with new individual tax rates of 10%, 12%, 22%, 24%, 32%, 35% and 37%.
Personal and dependent exemptions
Deduction for personal exemptions suspended for 2020. Which means, you can’t claim a personal exemption deduction for yourself, your spouse, or your dependents as you have in previous years,
Standard Deduction for 2020
- Single filers $12,400
- Head of household filers $18,650
- Married filing separately $12,400
- Married couples filing jointly $24,400
Child Tax Credit & Additional Child Tax Credit
- For 2020, the maximum credit increased to $2,000 per qualifying child.
- Up to $1,400 of the credit can be refundable for each qualifying child as the additional child tax credit.
- In addition, the income threshold at which the child tax credit begins to phase out is increased to $200,000 if single, or $400,000 if married filing jointly.
Dependent Tax Credit
- A new credit of up to $500 is available for each of your qualifying dependents other than children who can be claimed for the child tax credit.
- The qualifying dependent must be a U.S. citizen, U.S. national, or U.S. resident alien. The credit is calculated with the child tax credit in the form instructions.
- The total of both credits is subject to a single phase out when adjusted gross income exceeds $200,000, or $400,000 if married filing jointly.
- Therefore you may be able to claim this credit if you have children age 17 or over, including college students, children with a disability, children with ITINs, or other older relatives in your household.
The standard mileage rates for the use of a car (also vans, pickups or panel trucks) will be:
- 57.5 cents for every mile of business travel driven.
- 18 cents per mile driven for medical or moving purposes.
- 14 cents per mile driven in service of charitable organizations.
Alternative Minimum Tax
- The Alternative minimum tax (AMT) exemption amount increased to $70,300 ($109,400 if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er); $54,700 if married filing separately).
- The income level at which the AMT exemption begins to phase out has increased to $500,000 or $1,000,000 if married filing jointly.
- The bill eliminates the corporate alternative minimum tax.
- This increase will result in fewer taxpayers paying AMT.
- Please note, for tax year 2019 and all subsequent years, the shared responsibility payment was eliminated.
- If you need health coverage, visit HealthCare.gov to learn about health insurance options that are available for you and your family, how to purchase health insurance, and how you might qualify to get financial assistance with the cost of insurance.
Alimony Deduction Repealed
- Alimony and separate maintenance payments are no longer deductible for any divorce or separation agreement executed after December 31, 2018, or for any divorce or separation agreement executed on or before December 31, 2018, and modified after that date.
- Further, alimony and separate maintenance payments are no longer included in income based on these dates, so you won’t need to report these payments on your tax return if the payments are based on a divorce or separation agreement executed or modified after December 31, 2018.
- This means that divorce or separation agreements executed or modified after Dec 31, 2018 providing alimony will have different tax consequences. The alimony payments will not be deductible for the spouse who makes alimony payments and they will not be included in the income of the receiving spouse.
- The deduction for moving expenses is suspended. During the suspension, no deduction includes the use of an automobile as part of a move.
- There is one exception. This suspension does not apply to members of the U.S. Armed Forces on active duty who move pursuant to a military order related to a permanent change of station. The expenses must qualify as a deduction that the government didn’t reimburse.
- Also, employers will include moving expense reimbursements as taxable income in the employees’ wages because the new law suspends the former exclusion from income for qualified moving expense reimbursements from an employer.
- In other words. unless you are a member of the U.S. military on active duty, you cannot deduct moving expenses and amounts reimbursed by an employer will be taxable income.